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Glossary

A

ABSTRACT REASONING

The process of arriving at conclusions through the use of symbols or generalisations rather than concrete factual information.

ACCESS EQUIPMENT

Devices used by people with disabilities to enable them to perform activities otherwise prohibited by their disability.

ACCESS SOFTWARE

Software that supports input to computer by devices other than the standard keyboard or supports output from the computer in formats other than those normally provided by the standard monitor.

ACHIEVEMENT TESTS

Evaluative instruments designed to measure knowledge, skills and understandings in a given field.

ADAPTED ACCESS

Software created or modified to allow switch access through the game port via touch boards, switches with scanning, or single hand or finger keyboard use.

ADAPTIVE DEVICES

Materials to which modifications have been or will be made to allow use by people with disabilities.

ADAPTIVE TECHNOLOGY

Technology that changes existing technologies to make them user friendly for individuals with disabilities.

AFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT

Process of human emotional growth.

AGILITY

Skills to smoothly change direction of body movements.

ALTERNATIVE INPUT DEVICES

Non standard devices that enable a user to access computers such as large mice or large key keyboards.

ANTONYMS

Words opposite in meaning.

APHASIA

Inability to comprehend or produce language.

APTITUDE TESTS

Evaluative instruments designed to indicate an individual's potential ability for performance of a particular type of activity.

ARTICULATION

Skills in the production of speech sounds.

ASPERGER'S SYNDROME

Asperger's syndrome (AS), is a pervasive developmental disorder commonly referred to as a form of 'high-functioning' autism. Individuals with Asperger's are considered to have a higher intellectual capacity while suffereing from a lower social capacity.

ASSESSMENT

Formal measures of ability, achievement or personality.

ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY

Any technology that assists individuals to overcome limitations.

ASSOCIATION TESTS

Any test designed to measure the nature or speed made in response to stimuli.

ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING

The establishment of functional relationships between ideas, objects or experiences.

ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER - ADD

A medical condition which affects a person's ability to concentrate and maintain attention to tasks.

ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER - ADHD

A condition where inattention is combined with significantly heightened activity level and impulsiveness.

AUDIBLE

Capable of being heard; clear or loud enough to be heard.

AUDIOLOGICAL

Audiological refers to sound awareness and is used in conjunction with the use of heairng aids and other technical devices for hearing, as well as listening development such as responding to sound; associating meaning to sounds; listening, identifying and imitating language and speech that is modelled; and listening with competing stimuli.

AUDITORY

Designed to increase the ability to identify and accurately choose between pure-tone and speech sounds of different frequency, intensity and pattern.

AUDITORY TESTS

Any test designed to assess ability to hear. Includes audiometric tests.

AUDITORY TRAINING

Instruction and practice in the development and use of hearing skills and the auditory discrimination to enable an acoustically disabled person to make maximum use of residual hearing.

AUDITORY VERBAL

Auditory verbal techniques teach a child to develop the listening skills they need in order to develop spoken language using the child's residual hearing with hearing aids and/or coclear implant.

AUSLAN

Australian Sign Language.

AUDITORY TRAINING

A developmental disability characterised by difficulties in social relationships, language, play development and perception.

B

BEHAVIOUR MANAGEMENT

The development of a set of behavioural expectations and a system of consequences to determine ways of reinforcing responsible behaviour. 

BRAILLE

A system of writing or printing for the blind which employs various standardised arrangements of raised dots.

BROWSE ALOUD

Screen reading software program that converts text on Browse Aloud enabled websites into digitised speech.

C

CAUSE/EFFECT

The use of specialised toys or computer software in which one specific action produces an effect such as a specific sound, movement or graphical output. Can be used with any kind of input device . 

CD-ROM (COMPACT DISC READ ONLY MEMORY)

A device that reads information from a high-capacity, read-only disk by using laser technology.

CENTRA

Centra is a web based software application that enables real-time, virtual meetings and online professional development. Events will be planned in response to demand.

CENTRAL AUDITORY PROCESSING (CAP)

The inability or impaired ability to discriminate, recognise or comprehend information presented auditorily even though the person has normal intelligence and hearing sensitivity.

return to topCEREBRAL PALSY

Alteration of movement or motor function arising from an injury or disease of the central nervous system.

CHANCE AND DATA

Skills associated with collecting, organising and interpreting data, creating graphs, statistics, chance and likelihood.

CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Physical, emotional, social and cognitive growth of the child.

CHORAL READING

Oral, dramatic reading by a group.

CLASSIFICATION

Organising things into groups or categories of the same type.

CLOZE

Sentence reconstruction technique in which words are omitted from a sentence. To close the sentence correctly, the student must comprehend the story.

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

Process of human intellectual growth.

COMPARATIVE EDUCATION

Study of educational theory and practice in different countries or cultures.

COMPOUND WORDS

Words that are composed of two smaller words, such as - greenhouse.

COMPUTATION

Manipulation of mathematical facts to solve problems.

CONDUCTIVE EDUCATION

An intensive learning approach for children and adults with physical and multiple disabilities originating from damage to the central nervous system, in most cases diagnosed as Cerebral Palsy.

CONDUCTOR

A conductor receives four years training in the areas of education, conductive education, psychology, anatomy, neuro-anatomy and speech therapy. The conductor provides a positive, encouraging environment for children/students by providing personalised tasks and positive reinforcement.

CONSONANT

Any letter of the alphabet that is not a vowel. 

CONSTRUCTIVISM

The central thesis is that the learner is active in the process of taking in information and building knowledge and understanding; in other words constructing their own learning.

CONSULTANCY BASED PROGRAMS

Programs provided by SERU services to support preschools and schools across the state. This includes advice in relation to the needs of individual students, professional development and the provision of information.

CONTEXT CLUES

Clues to the identification or meaning of a word gained from parts of the words and adjacent words, the sentence or the paragraph.  

CONTRACTIONS

Shortened words formed by omitting or combining some of the letters or sounds in written or spoken materials.

CONVERGENT THINKING

Thought process involving a search for the one right, best or conventional answer to a problem.

CORE VOCABULARY

That number of words (usually 100-300 words) which allows an individual to communicate within his environment.

CORRESPONDENCE

Designed to teach the correct form for various letters.

CRITICAL THINKING

Reading carefully to thoroughly comprehend and evaluate what is read.

CUED SPEECH

Method of language learning for the hearing impaired utilising manual configurations as a supplement to lipreading.

CULTURE

The total of the shared, learned behaviour of a group, including their customs, ideas and tools.

CURRENT AWARENESS

Current Awareness is a compilation of the latest articles selected from the range of journals held at SERU. 

D

DEAF BLIND

Having both hearing and vision impairment.

DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACH

Program in which the sequencing of instructional activities are designed to develop systematically skills and abilities.

DEVELOPMENTAL LEARNING RESOURCES

Describes the range of play and active learning resources for children/students birth to year 12.

DEVELOPMENTAL READING

Program of reading instruction which systematically develops skills and abilities.

DEVELOPMENTAL SCALES

Standardised tests used to assess the mental, motor and behavioural progress in children.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

Examination to determine specific strengths and weaknesses as a basis for intervention. 

DIGRAPHS

A pair of letters representing a single speech sound. 

DIPHTHONGS

Two vowels together represent one sound. 

DIRECTIONALITY

Concepts involved in understanding the basic directions in the environment.

DISGRAPHIA

The inability to perform the motor movements required for handwriting.

DIVERGENT THINKING

Creative, imaginative and flexible thinking in which emphasis is upon variety, originality and abundance of ideas or answers, rather than upon finding a single correct solution.

DOWN SYNDROME

A Chromosomal disorder which influences physical and intellectual characteristics.

DYSCALCULIA

Difficulty understanding or using mathematical concepts and symbols.

DYSGRAPHIA

A specific learning difficulty that affects writing skills. It is characterised by difficulties with spelling, handwriting and transferring thoughts to paper..

DYSLEXIA

Language-based learning disorder characterised by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. Dyslexia is neurobiological in origin and marked by deficits in phonological processing, naming speed, working memory and processing speed, which are unexpected in relation to an individual's other cognitive abilities. Dyslexia is sometimes labelled a specific learning difficulty, a reading disability or reading disorder.

DYSPHASIA

There are some children who have difficulty with words, either it is hard for them to find the words they need when they need them (expressive dysphasia) or they simple possess inadequately developed vocabularies.

DYSPRAXIA

Dyspraxia is a complex learning difficulty which impacts on a learner's ability to think out, plan and carry out sensory/motor tasks.

E

EARLY CHILDHOOD

Birth to 8 years.

EARLY INTERVENTION

A collection of services provided by public and private agencies to support eligible children and families in enhancing a child's potential for growth and development from Birth to Age 3.

EARLY YEARS

Birth to 8 years.

ELECTRONIC TOYS

Toys and games operated by either batteries or electricity.

EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Changes in affective behaviour.

EMPATHY

Perception and understanding of others' problems, values and orientations.

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL)

Non-English speaking students learning English as a second or foreign language.

EVALUATION

Process involved in the appraisal of status or growth.

EXPERIENTIAL METHOD

Discovery learning in which the student constructs learning based upon observation and experience.

EXPERIMENTS

Planned procedures accompanied by controlled conditions and the observations of results to discover relationships and evaluate hypotheses.

EXPRESSIVE FINGER SPELLING

Communicating one's thoughts and feelings through the use of finger spelling in sign.

EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE

Ability to produce language meeting both structure (syntax) and meaning (semantic) criteria.

EYE HAND COORDINATION

Ability to coordinate the function of the eyes and the hands in carrying out activities involving the hands.

F

FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION

Social studies or guidance materials dealing with family relationships and values.

FANTASY

Fiction characterised by highly fanciful or supernatural events. Includes fables, fairy tales, folk tales and legends.

FICTION

Class of literature comprised of imaginative narration especially in prose form.

FIGURE GROUND PERCEPTION

Tendency of one part of perceptional to stand out clearly while the remainder forms a background.

FIGURES OF SPEECH

Spoken or written expression such as metaphor, simile and personification.

FINAL CONSONANTS

Consonant sounds appearing at the end of a word.

FINE MOTOR SKILLS

Developing the use of small muscle groups.

FINGERSPELLING

Spelling by finger movements to communicate.

FLASHCARDS

Cards containing print and/or pictorial representations.

FOETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME

An umbrella term used to describe foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and the less noticeable, but sometimes equally serious, foetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAS and FAE are permanent defects syndromes caused by maternal consumption of alcohol.

FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS

Process of interpreting and following written or oral instructions.

FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

Essential ideas and constructs.

G

GRAMMAR

The study of language that deals with principles governing the formal features of a language, including sentence structure.

GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

Developing the use of large muscle groups in various types of locomotion, object control and rhythmic movement.

GROUP TESTS

Tests so constructed that they can be administered to a number of individuals at one time.

GUIDANCE

Counsel regarding vocational, personal and/or educational problems. Refer to categorical listing for specific guidance descriptors.

GUSTATORY

The skill of identifying and choosing between tastes.

H

HAPTIC VISUAL INTEGRATION

The skill to associate, organise and sequence meaningful units of tactual - kinesthetic and visual input.

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUATION

SACSA Key Learning Area.

HEARING IMPAIRED

Those who are Deaf or have identified hearing loss.

HIGH INTEREST LOW VOCABULARY

Content designed to interest learners whose reading ability is below that of their chronological age or year level.

HOME ECONOMICS

A grouping of occupations concerned with food and nutrition, child development, clothing, housing, family relations, parent education, consumer education and the management of individual and family resources.

HOMONYMS

Two or more words having the same pronunciation but different meanings.

HUMOUR

Story theme primarily amusing in nature.

I

INCLUSION

The continuous process of increasing the presence, participation and achievement of all young people and adults in local community schools where possible. (Ainscow, M et al).

IDIOMS

An accepted phrase, construction or expression contrary to the usual patterns of the language or having meanings different from the literal (to catch one's eyes).

IMAGERY

The ability to form a mental image of something not present to the senses or never before wholly perceived in reality.

INDIVIDUAL TESTS

Evaluative instruments designed for administration to only one person at a time.

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

Application of modern communications and computing technologies to the creation, management and use of information.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

See ICT.

INITIAL CONSONANTS

Consonant sounds at the beginning of a word.

INPUT DEVICE

Any device that enters information into the computer by an operator or another device.

INSETS

Baseboards with inset puzzle pieces.

INTEGRATION

Including students from segregated classes into mainstream classes.

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

A developmental delay.

INTELLIGENCE TESTS

Evaluative instruments comprising a series of standardised tasks yielding a score indicative of the intellectual ability of the individual.

INTERNET

The global network of computers used for a range of purposes.

J

K

return to topKINAESTHETIC

The skill to identify and choose between particular positions or movements of one's body or body parts as well as feelings and senses.

KITS

Collection of two or more media formats designed to be used as a unit.

L

LANGUAGE

SACSA Key Learning Area.

LANGUAGE DISORDER

Children with a language disorder have a significant deficit in learning to talk, understand or use any aspect of language appropriately.

LANGUAGE DISABILITY

A person with a receptive or expressive language disability.

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

The development and stimulation of expressive, oral and written language.

LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT

Children with a language impairment have a significant deficit in learning to talk, understand or use any aspect of language appropriately.

LARGE TYPE MATERIALS

Materials produced with print usually 18 point type or larger.

LATERALITY

Developing the internal awareness of sidedness.

LEARNING DIFFICULTIES

A general term that is used to describe a range of factors that can impact on learning. These may include the presence of physical or sensory disability, education factors such as teaching approaches which do not suit the learner, environmental factors such as family issues, illness, transience or trauma.

LEARNING DISABILITIES

Refers to much smaller groups of learners who have more difficulty with their schoolwork than can be expected for their age and ability. Factors which suggest a learning disability including: dyslexic type confusion of letters or numbers, or confusion of letters or numbers within a sequence, sequencing and short term memory difficulties, both auditory and visual; a genetic link.

LEFT TO RIGHT PROGRESSION

Movement of the eye from left to right across the page.

LEGISLATION

The importance and significance of law, law enforcement officers and courts, and their relationship to and effect upon individuals.

LINGUISTIC APPROACH

Approach that is based on the patterns which govern the similar spelling of words and also regulate the sentence structure of the language.

LITERACY

Literacy is the ability to understand and employ printed information in daily activities, at home, at work and in the community; to achieve one's goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential.

LITERATURE

Reading materials dealing with ideas of universal interest.

LITERATURE APPRECIATION

Awareness of aesthetic qualities of literature.

LOGICAL THINKING

The use of reasoning ability and logical thought processes.

LONG VOWELS

Vowels having the same sound in a word as their alphabetical name.

LOW VISION AIDS

Devices used with the partially sighted to maximise residual vision.

M

MAINSTREAMING

The inclusion of all students in regular schools.

MANIPULATIVE MATERIALS

Objects which require touching, handling or moving in order to gain information or response.

MANUAL

Requiring manipulative response.

MANUAL DEXTERITY

Development of finger and hand agility to manipulate objects skillfully.

MATHEMATICS

SACSA Key Learning Area.

MEDIAL CONSONANTS

Consonant sounds appearing in the middle of a word.

MEDIAL VOWELS

Vowel sounds appearing in the middle of a word.

MEMORY

The ability to remember, including memorising, retention, recall and recognition.

MINIMAL BRAIN DYSFUNCTION

Learning or behavioural disorders in students having near average, average or above average intelligence as a result of diagnosed or suspected deviations in the functions of the central nervous system.

MINORITY GROUPS

Racial, religious, political, national or other identified groups.

MOBILITY AIDS

Devices or materials which assist people who have a disability.

MODELLING

Instructional technique by which the learner acquires skills through imitation.

MONTESSORI METHOD

Teaching technique of early childhood, emphasising free physical activity, individual instruction, intensive sensory and motor activity and early development of reading and writing skills.

MOTIVATION

Forces that initiate, direct and sustain individual or group behaviour in order to satisfy a need or attain a goal.

MOTOR RESPONSE

Requiring gross or fine motor response.

MOVEMENT EXPLORATION

Form of physical activity based on problem solving, which enables self exploration through movement.

MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

Educational programs designed to increase cultural knowledge.

MULTIMEDIA

The incorporation of text, graphics, sound and other medias into a computer document or presentation.

MULTIMEDIA INSTRUCTION

Approach utilising materials with formats which stimulate two or more sensory avenues.

MULTIPLE DISABILITY

An individual with two or more disabilities.

MULTISENSORY

Stimulation of two or more sensory avenues.

N

NEP

The Negotiated Education Plan (NEP) is a learning plan which is compulsory for students identified as eligible for support under the Students with Disabilities Policy in South Australia.

NONFICTION

Prose work based on fact.

NONVERBAL

Methods of communication which do not employ speech.

NONVERBAL TESTS

Tests which do not require the use of verbal symbols in the formulation or solution of tasks presented.

NOTETAKING

Skill of recording selected information from material presented orally or in written form.

NUMERACY

The ability to understand, analyse, critically respond to and use mathematics in different social and cultural contexts.

O

OBERVATION TECHNIQUES

Evaluation techniques using observation as opposed to diagnostic tests.

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

Rehabilitative process to help individuals to further develop essential life skills.

OFFICE SOFTWARE

Computing software primarily designed to meet the needs of the office and management workplace.

OH&S

The protection of workers in their employment in their work place from risks resulting from factors adverse to physical and mental health.

OLFACTORY

The skill to identify and choose between dissimilar odours.

ONE TO ONE RELATIONSHIPS

Knowledge and application of determining whether or not sets are equivalent.

OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANCE DISORDER

A pattern of negativistic, hostile and defiant behaviour lasting at least 6 months. Characteristically seen in children below the ages 9 or 10 years.

ORAL COMMUNICATION

Verbal as opposed to manual communication (sign language).

ORAL LANGUAGE

The understanding and appropriate use of spoken words that are put together in order to communicate with others. We communicate with each other to exchange information and convey ideas.

ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY

Designed to teach spatial orientation of the visually impaired to surroundings and the techniques of moving about or travelling using various mobility aids.

OUTLINING

The skill of describing in an abbreviated form.

OUTPUT DEVICE

A device that receives information produced by the computer and makes it available to the operator in an understandable form.

P

PARTS OF SPEECH

Grammatical units such as nouns, verbs or adverbs.

PATHWAYS

Discovering Post School Pathways link is a web resource which provides information to support the planning of transition to post school pathways for young people with a disability.

PEER TUTORING

An approach in which one child tutors another.

PERCEPTION TESTS

Evaluating instruments designed to measure an individual's awareness of the elements of the environment, usually through visual, auditory or tactual sensation.

PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT

Ability to distinguish between stimuli and to organise them into useful patterns.

PERFORMANCE TESTS

Evaluative instruments in which the score is based on a non-verbal response.

PERIODICALS

Publications, including journals, which are issued at fixed intervals.

PHONEMIC AWARENESS

Refers to being able to identify where the sound occurs in a word.

PHONETIC ANALYSIS

The method of analysing a printed word to determine its pronunciation through the use of consonants, vowels, blends and digraphs.

PHONIC EAR

Phonic Ear is a classroom amplification system and is designed to provide an even level of sound throughout the classroom, so that a teacher's voice is amplified about 6 10 decibels and is clearly audible above background noise at all instructional locations within the room, and students hear equally well wherever they are seated.

PHONICS

Study of sound-letter relationships and the use of this knowledge in recognising and pronouncing words.

PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS

Phonological awareness is the ability to auditorily distinguish parts of speech, such as syllables and phonemes. Children develop phonological awareness through verbal communication. Songs and nusrsery rhymes are particularly good tools for developing this auditory skill.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Program of instruction and participation in large muscle activities designed to promote desirable physical development, motor skills, attitudes and habits of conduct.

PIAGET APPROACH

Techniques used in early childhood education organised toward teaching the concepts of classification and conservation.

PICTURE COMMUNICATION SYMBOLS

An augmentative/alternative training package that allows children and adults with autism and other communication deficits to initiate and develop functional communication.

PLAY

Technique of utilising recreation, structured and unstructured, for its own benefits or as an aid in instruction.

PREFIXES

The meaning and derivation of prefixes and the spelling rules for adding beginnings to root words.

PRE-MATHS

Pre-requisite skills necessary for the development of maths skills.

PRE-READINESS

Developmental stage during which sensory skills and cognitive and affective abilities become sufficiently organised to enable the child to begin structured learning tasks.

PRE-READING

Pre-requisite skills necessary for the development of literacy skills.

PRE-SCHOOL

Educational site for pre-compulsory aged children.

PRE-TEST POST-TESTS

A measure to determine the status of the student in relation to the content objectives of the lessons.

PRE-WRITING

Pre-requisite skills necessary for the development of literacy skills.

PROBLEM SOLVING

The act or process of arriving at conclusions through the use of symbols, generalisations of concrete data.

PROGNOSTIC TESTS

Evaluative instruments designed to predict future behaviour or actions.

PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION

Instruction utilising sequentially constructed materials specifically featuring means for teaching facts, concepts or skills. May or may not require use of hardware.

PROTECTIVE BEHAVIOURS

An anti-victim training program designed to prevent physical, psychological verbal and sexual abuse.

PSYCHOLOGY

Study dealing with the mind, with mental and emotional process and behaviour.

PUNCTUATION

Standardised marks or signs in written materials used to clarify meaning and separate units.

Q

QUESTIONING

The ability to answer and ask various types of questions.

R

READINESS

The maturational level at which a child has developed the sensory and cognitive skills necessary for mastering structured learning tasks, is interested in learning, and is able to perceive the purpose and significance of what is being taught.

READING

Skills needed to perceive and understand recorded language.

READING ASSESSMENTS

Evaluative instruments which measure various reading skills and concepts.

READING COMPREHENSION

The act of understanding the meaning of recorded language.

READING READINESS

The sensory and cognitive skills necessary for mastering decoding skills and comprehending language.

REBUS

Pictorial or other coded representation used as partial or complete substitution for the printed word.

RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE

Skills in comprehending verbal, written or other forms of communication.

RECREATION

Leisure activities designed to provide physical development and mental stimulation.

REFERENCE BOOKS

Books frequently consulted for referral information.

REFERENCE SKILLS

Abilities employed in the proper use of dictionaries, encyclopedias, libraries and research techniques.

RELAXATION

Skills to promote a lessening of tension in various parts of the body. May be accomplished through mental concentration, breathing exercises or muscle control.

RESILIENCE

The ability to cope successfully in the face of significant adversity or risk.

REVERSALS

Inversions of numerals and/or letter forms.

REWARDS

Token, activity or praise given for appropriate performance.

ROLE PLAYING

Technique in which the student assumes the part of another person.

S

SACSA

South Australian Curriculum Standards Accountability Framework

SCIENCE

SACSA Key Learning Area. Study of any of the recognised scientific fields.

SCREEN READER

A software application that converts on-screen text into a digitised speech.

SCREENING TESTS

Instruments which provide a rough selection which eliminates certain people and includes others for more careful consideration.

SELF CHECKING

Refers to materials which provide feedback as to the accuracy of the learner's response.

SENSES

Health or science materials which teach about the senses of sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch.

SENSORY AIDS

Devices used to increase or enhance learning.

SENSORY EDUCATION

Materials and activities intended to invoke responses or heighten awareness to specific stimuli.

SENSORY MOTOR SKILLS

Skills that require the simultaneous use of both sensory and motor modalities.

SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

The rules and words used in forming correct sentences.

SEQUENCING

Resources that depict a series of events.

SERIES

Groups of materials that are sequential in nature.

SEVERE AND MULTIPLE DISABILITIES

Students identified as having severe and multiple disabilities have very complex educational, health and personal care needs.

SEX EDUCATION

Education about sexual reproduction in human beings, sexual intercourse and other aspects on human sexual behaviour.

SHORT VOWELS

Vowels which have sounds in a word other than their alphabetical names.

SIGHT METHOD

Method of teaching reading based on recognition and pronunciation of whole words.

SIGHT VOCABULARY

A vocabulary basic to formal reading where each word is recognised or memorised as a whole, rather than by blending its parts.

SIGN LANGUAGE

A language used by Deaf or hearing impaired people. Also see Auslan.

SIGNED SUPPORTED ENGLISH

Sign Supported English uses signs taken from Auslan. It is used in English word order but does not attempt to sign every word that is spoken.

SIGNING

The use of sign language to communicate.

SILENT LETTERS

Refers to materials which teach spelling concepts regarding silent letters.

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

The process whereby interpersonal relationships are learned during growth to adulthood.

SOCIAL PROBLEMS

Sociological conditions representing barriers to human progress.

SOCIAL SKILLS

Abilities of the individual to meet social responsibilities and mores.

SOCIALISATION

Skills needed to identify and understand another person's needs and to successfully interact with others.

SOCIETY AND ENVIRONMENT

SACSA Key Learning Area.

SOCIODRAMATIC PLAY

Activities and materials designed to encourage make-believe play.

SOCIOLOGY

Study of society, social institutions and social relationships.

SOUNDFIELD SYSTEMS

Soundfield systems are designed to provide an even level of sound throughout the classroom, so that a teacher's voice is amplified about 6 10 decibels and is clearly audible above background noise at all instructional locations within the room, and students hear equally well wherever they are seated.

SOUTH AUSTRALIAN MODERN CURSIVE

Standard cursive handwriting form taught in South Australian Government Schools.

SPATIAL ORIENTATION

Recognition of the state or adjustment of the body or other objects in relation to the immediate environment.

SPECIAL EDUCATION

The education of students with disabilities and/or learning difficulties or younger children with developmental delay.

SPECIALISED ADAPTED RESOURCES

Resources on loan from SERU which are adapted for switch operation for use by students with severe physical and multiple disabilities.

SPEECH

The study of oral communication, speech sounds and vocal physiology.

SPEECH OUTPUT

1. Hardware device that allows the computer to produce sounds similar to human speech through the use of a synthesiser or digitiser. 2. Software that supports the generation of speech through speech output devices.

SPEECH RECOGNITION

The ability of a computer to understand spoken commands.

SPEECH SYNTHESISER

A hardware device that allows the computer to produce sounds similar to human speech.

SPEECH TESTS

Evaluative instruments which test speech skills.

SPEECH THERAPY

Technique used for the development of speech processes and language.

SPELLING

Resources to support the teaching of spelling skills.

STANDARDISED TESTS

Evaluative instruments composed of empirically selected materials having definite directions for use, adequate norms, data and reliability.

STATISTICS

Study of the collection, analysis, inter-relation and presentation of masses of numerical data.

STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES POLICY

The revised Students with Disabilities Policy (2006) sets the DECS commitment to ensure students with disabilities gain the necessary knowledge, skills and attributes to achieve to their highest level of learning and participate successfully in our society. It aligns to the Commonwealth Disability Act (1992) and the related Disability Standards for Education (2005).

SUFFIXES

The meanings and derivation of suffixes and the spelling rules for adding endings to root words.

SUMMARISING

Concisely restating the essence of a spoken or written presentation.

SUPPLEMENTARY READING MATERIALS

Materials other than textbooks ie library books, story books, some social and science books; usually easier to read than textbooks and designed to furnish enrichment.

SURVIVAL WORDS

Words, signs, colours, shapes and symbols needed for daily living.

SWITCH

A hardware device that allows a user with little motor control to operate a computer or other electrical device.

SWITCH INTERFACE

Hardware that allows the convenient connection of a switch to a computer.

SYLLABIFICATION

Dividing words into parts according to established rules.

SYNONYMS

Words having the same or nearly the same meaning.

SYNTAX

The way in which words are ordered, relative to one another, to form phrases, clauses or sentences.

T

TACTILE

Utilisation of the sense of touch as the sensory mode.

TALKING BOOKS

Stories recorded on CDs and audiotapes.

TECHNOLOGY STUDIES

Instruction in wood, metal work, plastics and electronics or other industrial laboratory skills.

TEXTBOOKS

Books dealing with a definite subject of study, systematically arranged and intended for use at a specified level of instruction.

TEXT-TO-SPEECH

Speech output equipment that will pronounce (or spell) whatever text is input.

TOTAL COMMUNICATION

Use of all forms of communication available to develop language competence, includes use of any residual hearing present.

TOURETTE SYNDROME

A neurological or neurochemical disorder charaterised by irregular motor tics - involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or vocalisations that occur repeatedly in the same way.

TRANSITION

Planned activities to assist students transferring from one educational setting to another or into the workplace.

TUTORIAL SOFTWARE

Software that instructs.

U

V

VALUES

The development of an individual's personal, social, ethical or moral standards or values.

VIDEO

Pre-recorded program.

VISUAL

Utilisation of sight as the sensory mode.

VISUAL DISCRIMINATION

Skill to identify and choose between shapes, forms and patterns when presented visually.

VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

Non-specific term including both the blind and partially-sighted.

VISUAL TOOL

Visual tools are those things that we see that enhance the communication process. They include body language, environmental cues (menus, directions on packages), traditional tools (calendars, signs, maps) and specially designed tools to meet specific criteria.

VISUAL TRACKING

The process of fixating on following a visual pattern or the movement of an object through space.

VISUAL TRAINING

Instruction and practice in the development and use of visual skills and visual discrimination to enable a person to make maximum use of his visual ability.

VOCABULARY

An individual's speaking, reading and/or writing vocabulary.

VOCATIONAL ASSESSMENTS

Evaluative instruments used to measure potential for performing various jobs. Formal preparation for an occupation.

VOICE RECOGNITION

A hardware device that sends signals or information to the computer when the user speaks into an attached microphone.

VOWELS

Any letter that is not a consonant.

W

WEBLINKS

Web Links is a database of annotated websites related to supporting children and students with disabilities and learning difficulties.

WELLBEING

Written in the context of the DECS Towards a Learner Wellbing Framework from Birth to Year 12. See DECS website. The framework aims to improve the levels of child/student attendance, retention and engagement in learning programs and improve child and student wellbeing.

WORD ATTACK

Development of reading skills which enable the trainer to use context clues, phonetic analysis, structural analysis or syllabication.

WORD PROCESSING SOFTWARE

Software that produces text on-screen in place of handwriting. Can include predictive, speech input, speech output.

XYZ

YEAR

Year level of schooling.

 

 

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